Why are robots being preferred in the fashion industry for tailoring and stitching clothes? Robots are easier to program, more efficient, less troublesome and work at almost zero error rate.
Standard measurements have been established and the job of cutting the fabric has been handed over to machines. The fabric is fed into the machines and is cut in appropriate pieces. This is then handed over to the stitching department. Once this process is completed, the parts of the entire dress have to be stitched together and finishing touches have to be made where required. If there is scope of something going wrong, it is during the stitching and finishing process because this is where manual labor is involved.
Use of robots in stitching improves efficiency and accuracy. However, it also raises costs. The cost of building robots designed for this task and maintaining it can be very expensive. On the other hand, textile companies make use of cheap labor available in Asian countries like China, India, Vietnam etc for stitching. The labor works for very low wages as the company simply has to comply with minimum wage rate of the foreign country.
There are instances where products that have been stitched for just $1 are sold for $100 in American markets. Needless to say, this offers a huge profit margin for the company. However, there is growing realization that this approach is unethical and should not be encouraged. The main criticism is that the textile companies spend more on their advertising campaigns than on paying the most important component of the labor force.
With robots taking up this job, even this employment avenue for citizens of developing countries is coming to an end. On the other hand, the fashion industry looks forward to creating more designs in an automated manner without any difficulty.