It is assumed that once technology started to make its way into factories that it replaced a number of jobs. Historians paint a picture that machines replaced hundreds of people putting those people on the unemployment line and searching for a completely new job. While technology did eliminate the need for hundreds of workers standing on an assembly line, it created jobs in other areas of the workforce. It even created jobs right in the factories that the people were working in.
The first way that technology created jobs is by creating a need for more supervisors and management programs. While most computers and factory technology operate on their own, there needs to be a human supervising the machine’s process. With the number of machines that are in a factory it creates a need for a lot of supervisor and management positions. So while people are not working directly on the assembly line, they are working in the background making sure the machines are doing the job that they are supposed to.
A second way that technology created jobs was through the need for more marketing. Companies that use machines are increasing their inventory by almost 50%. This requires that the company hire a lot of marketing and sales reps to get that inventory to the stores and selling. Hundreds of thousands of sales positions opened up when machines started to take over and producing more inventory.
The last way that technology created jobs was that it produced the need for maintenance technicians within the factory. In order for the machines to produce the inventory that companies want, they need to be operating at peak levels. When a machine breaks companies need to have someone with the knowledge and ability to fix the machine and get it back up quickly. While the job wasn’t directly on the assembly line it did create another position within the factory.